Thursday, December 12, 2019

Psychology Report Gym and the Gym Based Exercises

Question: Describe about scales to measure aspects of health? Answer: Introduction The psychology report is an effort to find the role of the gym and the gym based exercises in the Indigenous Australians. Lifestyle consciousness is seen in indigenous Australians that prefer Gym and Gym based exercises. The study will follow model narratives and will be highlighting the physical activity of the indigenous people. The effects of the introduction that a new programme has on the individuals are one of the aims of this research. Researchers have found that if the indigenous Australians are involved in exercises it results in the avoidance of the chronic diseases (Esgin, 2013). Exercises are the preventive measures that can protect against several diseases. The survey conducted to find the levels of participation among the indigenous males and females aged 15 or more have found that 38 percent of males and 32 percent of females have been the part of the physical exercises in some form or the other (NATSISS, 2008). There are several factors that act as barriers to prevent the exercise participation. The study will be discussing the psychological aspects of health by analyzing them through various scales. The research will then be analyzing the results so that the health of indigenous Australians can be improved by the introduction of physical exercises. Scales to Measure Aspects of Health Energy imbalance is the cause of weight gains and development of obesity. The intake of energy is much higher in these cases and the energy expenditure does not match with the intake. WHO (2003) has published evidences in the past that have highlighted the reasons of weight gains. This includes increase of fatty foods, and a sedentary lifestyle. Social and economic conditions are weak. Intake of sugar drinks and higher intake of food from outside home is one of the causes of increase in weight. Cultural understanding is of extreme significance for the indigenous research. Scaling methods should be acceptable to the respondents. For the purpose of the study 120 community members were taken into consideration (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2010) The scale of measurement was modified risk behaviour scales to measure the attitude of indigenous Australians towards health and there inclination towards gym exercises. The Kessler Scale has been created for the measurement of psychological distress (AIHW, 2009). This scale measures the levels of distress which affects health as the individual also moves away from the gym exercises and healthy routines. The respondents of the study were asked the questions on the basis of K6 scale parameters. The questions were on the levels of nervousness, frustration, and the fatigue levels. These questions were asked four weeks prior to the interview. The symptoms of the people on the basis of the questions are judged (NCAIANMHR 2007). The distress measured by the Kessler scale should be reviewed to understand the health factors. Findings of Study Chronic diseases lead to a decrease in the quality of life (WHO, 2003). Research had found that the high membership fees of gym restrict the indigenous Australians to go to gym. The studies conducted to find the pre and post intervention of gym facilities highlighted the positive impact of the gym and gym based exercises (Wolff Dansinger, 2008) For the purpose of finding the study the scores of low/moderate and high and very high scoring was used. In Low to moderate the score levels were 5 to 11.9 while in high to very high the scoring levels were 12 to 25. The survey mentioned that the psychological scores of high and very high levels were prevalent. It was found in the survey that indigenous Australians preferred Football as a part of the physical exercise. However Gym and Gym based exercises that are individual form of physical exercise are considered to be selfish. This is because the community interaction is missing in this form of exercise (Australian Institute of Health and W elfare, 2013) Indigenous Australians want to be part of community set up and also lead their children to live in the same manner. However, Gym was considered as one of the reasons which created a gap between community upbringings (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2009).There were several other reasons that came in front when the matter was discussed. Some of the respondents mentioned that the Gym memberships were costly and indigenous Australians were not able to afford the same (Thompson, 2009). Being overweight causes several problems that are linked to cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and other issues like the pain in joints etc. Non gym goers or those that are refrained from any physical activity due to their work routines face these issues. In case of indigenous Australians, the cultural barriers and living in remote locations can adversely impact the health (Jewson, et al. 2008). In order to find the pre intervention and post intervention effects of the gym exercises, a office worker was taken as a part of the study (Emery, 2013). The women office worker was involved in the workout and gym based exercises, so that the pre intervention affects can be studied. After the gym exercise it was found that the stress levels of the native Aussie women came down. She was able to lift weights, which she found to be very useful for doing household works like carrying of heavy bags from shopping. The gym training not only affected him physically but also mentally. This was due to the fact that she was feeling positive at work, stress levels were down and she was able to handle more things (Emery, 2013). Another respondent mentioned that she did not exercise as the routine and habits were different. She was used to partying and Alcohol and felt ashamed of Gym as it was awkward to do exercise in front of other people. Being a part of the study she was involved in exercise in gym and training (University of Western Australia, 1999). That resulted in the change in her habits as she was more conscious towards her physique. Body scanning and analysis of the fat content in the body was done before the training schedule. The causes of blood pressure, chronic diseases were analyzed before the exercise as a part of pre intervention. Conclusion Change in attitude and increase of gym and gym based exercises along with physical work is required to keep the health intact. Indigenous Australians in remote areas should have the access and opportunities to gym. The results have clearly indicated that gym exercises can certainly restore healthy habits and prevent from diseases. References 1. Australian Bureau of Statistics (2009). National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander social survey, 2008. Retrieved: Accessed on 15 March 2015.2. Australian Bureau of Statistics (2010). The health and welfare of Australia's Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics.3. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2013). Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health performance framework 2012: detailed analyses. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.4. Better Health (2015). Aboriginal Health Barriers to Physical Activity. [Online]. Retrieved: Accessed on 15 March 2015.5. Emery, R (2013). Proving Exercise Works For Indigenous People [Online] Retrieved from: Accessed on 15 March 2015.6. Esgin, T (2013). Exercise as medicine in Indigenous health [Online]. Retrieved from: Accessed on 15 March 2015.7. Jewson, E, Spittle M, and Casey M, (2008). A preliminary analysis of barriers, intentions, and attitudes towards moderate physical activity in women who are overweight. Journal of Science Medicine in Sport. 11(6): pp. 558561.8. Thompson, S (2009). Aboriginal perspectives on physical activity in remote communities: meanings and ways forward. Darwin: Menzies School of Health Research9. University of Western Australia, (1999). The Centre for Health Promotion and Research Sydney Physical activity guidelines for Australians: scientific background report. Sydney: Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing.10. Wolff, E and Dansinger, M L (2008). Soft drinks and weight gain: how strong is the link? Medscape Journal of M edicine. 10(8): p. 189.11. World Health Organization, (2003). Diet, nutrition and the prevention of chronic diseases. Report of a joint WHO/FAO expert consultation, in WHO Technical Series 916. World Health Organization: Geneva.

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